80 страниц. 2014 год. LAP Lambert Academic Publishing This book describes and justifies the pilot study that was conducted to translate and test the Liver Disease Symptom Index-2.0 (LDSI-2.0) into Arabic. The book presents the translation guideline that was adopted to translate the LDSI-2.0 into Arabic. Finally, the steps of cross-cultural adaptation of the translated LDSI-2.0 are clarified.