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Cognition & Neurological Soft Signs, Bipolar State or trait markers   Menan Rabie and Hisham Ramy

Cognition & Neurological Soft Signs, Bipolar State or trait markers

140 страниц. 2012 год.
LAP Lambert Academic Publishing
The results of this study indicate that (Neurological Soft Signs) NSS and Cognitive Dysfunction) CD are prevalent in bipolar probands and their first-degree relatives, though significantly more in affected subjects. This suggests that NSS and CD could be considered as trait and/or scar markers and lends support to the theory that bipolar disorder may be a neurodevelopmental disorder. Clinical implications of these findings are discussed and a biological model of bipolar disorder is suggested. The study addressed the presence of these abnormalities in 35 euthymic bipolar subjects, 85 healthy first-degree relatives, and 50 healthy controls, using the Neurological Evaluation Scale, Subtests of Wechsler Adult Intelligence test, Verbal Paired Associates, Digit Span and Visual Memory Span of Wechsler Memory Scale-Revised and Wisconsin Card Sorting Test. NSS were more prevalent in bipolar patients than healthy relatives and control, but also significantly more in healthy relatives than...
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