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Death and Social Order in Tokugawa Japan: Buddhism, Anti-Christianity, and the Danka System   Nam–lin Hur

Death and Social Order in Tokugawa Japan: Buddhism, Anti-Christianity, and the Danka System

155x240 584 страниц. 2007 год.
Harvard University Asia Center
Buddhism was a fact of life and death during the Tokugawa period (1600-1868): every household was expected to be affiliated with a Buddhist temple, and every citizen had to be given a Buddhist funeral. The enduring relationship between temples and their affiliated households gave rise to the danka system of funerary patronage. This private custom became a public institution when the Tokugawa shogunate discovered an effective means by which to control the populace and prevent the spread of ideologies potentially dangerous to its power - especially Christianity. Despite its lack of legal status, the danka system was applied to the entire population without exception; it became for the government a potent tool of social order and for the Buddhist establishment a practical way to ensure its survival within the socioeconomic context of early modern Japan. In this study, Nam-lin Hur follows the historical development of the danka system and details the intricate interplay of...
 
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