60 страниц. 2011 год. LAP Lambert Academic Publishing Extra oral appliances are a vital component of the dentist''s treatment armamentarium. Besides aiding to achieve forecastable changes in the growth pattern of the orofacial complex they also help to negate or enhance clinician induced intra oral force systems. Especially useful for the beginners in orofacial orthopedics this work provides an in depth detail of design considerations and steps in the clinical use of extra oral appliances.