120 страниц. 2011 год. LAP Lambert Academic Publishing The prosthetic management of edentulous patient has long been major challenge for dentistry .For well over a century complete maxillary and mandibular dentures have been a traditional standard of care. However, most patient reports significantly more problems adapting to their mandibular denture due to lack of comfort (they suffer from an increase in pain and soreness), retention, stability and to the inability to chew and eat.There are several alternatives for edentulous mandibular arches other than extraction of teeth and placement of conventional denture. Dental implantology is currently a valuable treatment modality in the prosthetic treatment of edentulous patients.