56 страниц. 2015 год. LAP Lambert Academic Publishing This book contains a comprehensive overview of the diagnosis, etiology and treatment options for subjects with Vertical Maxillary Excess. The treatment options are divided based on growth potential of the patient. Various non-surgical as well as surgical treatment plans along with indications, contraindications, advantages and disadvantages have been described in detail. A brief overview about Gummy Smiles and its esthetic treatment options have been enlisted.