216 страниц. 2012 год. LAP Lambert Academic Publishing Oral hygiene plays a major role in maintenance and promotion of oral health. Maintenance of natural dentition throughout life is influenced by the adequate daily removal of dental plaque. Bacterial plaque has an important role in the etiology of dental caries, gingivitis and periodontitis. Effective removal of dental plaque can result in the prevention or reduction of dental caries and gingivitis. Current mechanical and chemotherapeutic approaches to oral hygiene aim to modify the oral microflora. Current oral hygiene measures, appropriately used in conjunction with regular professional care, are capable of virtually preventing caries and most periodontal disease and maintaining oral health. The challenge for oral hygiene promotion is effective delivery of these measures combined with effectual motivation of individuals and communities to aspire to oral health.