200 страниц. 2013 год. LAP Lambert Academic Publishing Furca is the region of division of the tooth root. It is a bifurcation if there are two roots or a trifurcation if there are three roots. Since times immemorial a wealth of information has been gathered that has allowed clinicians to dramatically modify the evaluation and treatment of a tooth with periodontal destruction in the furcation region. Elimination of pockets and establishment of a functional topography permitting optimal plaque control often requires elaborate surgical techniques, because the destruction in this area proceeds not only in an apical direction along the root surfaces, but also horizontally between the roots. Multiple advancements have been made so as to acknowledge and treat the problem. But even at the end of the 21st century, the treatment of a furcation is still a challenging problem. This book is an effort to review and evaluate the current information on the morphology, etiology and the management of the furcation involvement.