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Diabetic Mellitus And Periodontium   Mohd. Nazar Rana and Deepa D.

Diabetic Mellitus And Periodontium

64 страниц. 2014 год.
LAP Lambert Academic Publishing
The influence of diabetes mellitus has its effect on general health including the oral health. Among all the systemic conditions, diabetes is the strongest risk factor for periodontitis, leading to increase prevalence, severity, and progression of the disease. Periodontal disease is considered to be the sixth complication of diabetes. The diabetic state impairs the gingival fibroblast synthesis of collagen and glycosaminoglycan, enhances crevicular fluid collagenolytic activity, results in the loss of periodontal fibres, loss of the alveolar supporting bone, loosening and finally exfoliation of the teeth. Research has demonstrated the presence of elevated levels of pro-inflammatory mediators in the gingival crevicular fluid of periodontal pockets in patients with poorly controlled diabetes, compared with people without the condition or those with well controlled diabetes, resulting in significant periodontal destruction with an equivalent bacterial challenge. Oral hygiene of the...
 
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