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Cost-Effectiveness Analysis of Different Interventions for H1N1   Hamed Yarmand

Cost-Effectiveness Analysis of Different Interventions for H1N1

132 страниц. 2010 год.
LAP Lambert Academic Publishing
Epidemiologists warn that the next pandemic influenza could infect 33% of the world population and kill millions. Therefore, it is critical to deploy the medical and budgetary resources in an effective way to contain an influenza outbreak. In this research, a cost-effectiveness analysis has been conducted to examine the relative importance of vaccination and self-isolation, two common measures for controlling the spread of infectious diseases, with respect to the 2009 H1N1 outbreak. A simulation model has been developed for the spread of H1N1 which allows for different interventions: antiviral prophylaxis and treatment, vaccination, and self-isolation and quarantine. An optimization model has been developed to find the most cost-effective level of vaccination and self-isolation as a control policy to contain the outbreak. To validate the model, the author has taken advantage of the cooperation of the NC State University Student Health Services Medical Director as an expert. Finally, a...
 
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