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Field Emission Magnetometers   Jake French

Field Emission Magnetometers

176 страниц. 2011 год.
LAP Lambert Academic Publishing
The feasibility and development of a field emission based anisotropic vector magnetometer is presented. Within this scope current magnetic sensing technology is investigated and compared. The advantages of, and need for, a field emission based magnetic sensor are then discussed. The magnetic sensing device presented uses a sharp field emitting tip with a radius of the order of 100nm which is fabricated using standard silicon processing techniques. Under a vacuum and at room temperature, an electric field is applied to a surrounding gate electrode which extracts a beam of electrons from a cathode tip, this electron beam is incident upon two separate anode electrodes: In the absence of an external magnetic field the electron current incident on each of these two electrodes is equal, while in the presence of a magnetic field the Lorenz force skews the beam towards one of the electrodes, resulting in a differential current which is proportional to the magnetic field.
 
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