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Amylase Production Through Agro-Waste   Shalini Rai

Amylase Production Through Agro-Waste

96 страниц. 2013 год.
LAP Lambert Academic Publishing
Increased production of ?-amylase was observed with Bacillus amyloliquefaciens in the present study with wheat flour among the various agro-byproducts tested. The amylase from the bacterium was optimally active at a temperature of 37°C for 72h at pH 4±0.2 by using solid substrate (wheat flour) with the initial moisture of 80% and inoculated with Bacillus amyloliquefaciens of ?2?106 cfu ml-1 of inoculum size. Supplementation with 0.04M KH2PO4, 1% maltose as a carbon source, tryptone and ammonium chloride as inorganic and organic nitrogen source in the substrate enhanced the enzyme yield considerably. The ?-amylase from Bacillus amyloliquefaciens was partially purified by ammonium sulphate precipitation and ion exchange chromatography. Purification of amylase enzyme yielding a 2.05 fold purified enzyme with a specific activity of 11214.70 IU/mg. Characterization of purified enzyme revealed maximum stability on 65?C temperature at pH 6±0.2. The enzyme was stable against Ca+2, Fe+3, Mn+2...
 
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