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Optimization techniques for parallel applications on clusters   Rosa Filgueira,David Exposito and Jesus Carretero

Optimization techniques for parallel applications on clusters

152 страниц. 2010 год.
LAP Lambert Academic Publishing
Parallel computation on cluster architectures has become the most common solution for developing high-performance scientific applications. Message Passing Interface (MPI) is the message-passing library most widely used to provide communications in clusters. Along the I/O phase, the processes frequently access a common data set by issuing a large number of small non-contiguous I/O requests, which might create bottlenecks in the I/O subsystem. These bottlenecks are still higher in commodity clusters, where commercial networks are usually installed. Scalability is also an important issue in cluster systems when many processors are used, which may cause network saturation and still higher latencies. As communication-intensive parallel applications spend a significant amount of their total execution time exchanging data between processes, the former problems may lead to poor performance not only in the I/O subsystem, but also in communication phase. Therefore, we can conclude that it...
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