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Flemish Engraving   Liza Damadian

Flemish Engraving

205x260 112 страниц. 1982 год.
Editura Meridiane
More than twenty thousand years ago, the Paleolithic man who scratched figures of bisons and elks on cave walls and on his weapons and tools made of stone or bone was, in fact, the first engraver. Since then, the art of engraving has gone through several stages, while retaining the same basic principles. Potters used to decorate vases with notches and lines; armourers, goldsmiths, and makers of medallions, coins, seals, and tombstones practised an art akin to burin engraving. But is was only in the 9th century that people thought of using that art to produce impressions. That is how the carving of wooden patterns to be impressed on paper first came into being in China; in Europe, the oldest known engravings date from the 14th century, at the time when the earliest paper mills were set up in France, Germany, and the Netherlands. By mid-15th century, the guilds of craftsmen realized that the new technique was apt to yield sizable profits, and so they followed the example set...
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